25/04/2012 | 456
Galipot zaharrentzat barkua dena da: bizitokia, lanbidea, bizibidea..., bere bizitza itsasontziari erabat lotuta baitago. Zazpi itsasoetan nabigatu du itsasgizon zaharrak, eta marinel zalduei barrendu ohi zizkien sineskariak ditu: itsasoan nora ezean dabiltzan barku fantasmetan sinesten du, adibidez; eta ezinegona eragiten diote naufrago fantasmagorikoek, latitude arriskutsuek edo itsas munstroek eta beldurrak sortutako bestelako izaki izugarriek...
25/04/2012 | 400
ahularen indarra izenburu berdinarekin bi liburu izanen dira. Lehen honetan, bi zati daude: “Laborari semea” deituan, Aihen ahula liburuan agertzen ziren istorioak osoki berriz idatzi ditu eta gai berriak emendatu; bigarren zatian, aldiz, inprimeriako eskulangile baten eguneroko bizitza kontatzen digu. Bigarren liburuan agertuko dira abertzale eta euskaltzale gisa ezagutu dituen zorionak eta tirabirak. Laborari seme, eskulangile, abertzale eta euskaltzale xume batek eskainitako lekukotasun arraroa.
25/04/2012 | 305
Translated into English from one of Europe's oldest languages, this compilation of short stories from 14 contemporary Basque writers offers unique insights into Basque society and literature, exploring the urban and rural; history and modernity; and love, art, society, and the spiritual world. Featured authors include Bernardo Atxaga, Lourdes Oñederra, and Iban Zaldua, among others.
25/04/2012 | 206
Today, indigenous communities throughout North America are grappling with the dual issues of language loss and revitalization. While many communities are making efforts to bring their traditional languages back through educational programs, for some communities these efforts are not enough or have come too late to stem the tide of language death, which occurs when there are no remaining fluent speakers and the language is no longer used in regular communication. The Maliseet language, as spoken in the Tobique First Nation of New Brunswick, Canada, is one such endangered language that will either be revitalized and survive or will die off.
Defying Maliseet Language Death is an ethnographic study by Bernard C. Perley, a member of this First Nation, that examines the role of the Maliseet language and its survival in Maliseet identity processes. Perley examines what is being done to keep the Maliseet language alive, who is actively involved in these processes, and how these two factors combine to promote Maliseet language survival. He also explores questions of identity, asking the important question: “If Maliseet is no longer spoken, are we still Maliseet?” This timely volume joins the dual issues of language survival and indigenous identity to present a unique perspective on the place of language within culture.
- 25/04/2012 | 229
Over the last 50 years, language policy has developed into a major discipline, drawing on research and practice in many nations and at many levels. This is the first Handbook to deal with language policy as a whole and is a complete 'state-of-the-field' survey, covering language practices, beliefs about language varieties, and methods and agencies for language management. It provides a historical background which traces the development of classical language planning, describes activities associated with indigenous and endangered languages, and contains chapters on imperialism, colonialism, effects of migration and globalization, and educational policy. It also evaluates language management agencies, analyzes language activism and looks at language cultivation (including reform of writing systems, orthography and modernized terminology). The definitive guide to the subject, it will be welcomed by students, researchers and language professionals in linguistics, education and politics.
- 25/04/2012 | 238
What do all human languages have in common and in what ways are they different? How can language be used to trace different peoples and their past? Are certain languages similar because of common descent or language contact? Assuming no prior knowledge of linguistics, this textbook introduces readers to the rich diversity of human languages, familiarizing students with the variety and typology of languages around the world. Linguistic terms and concepts are explained, in the text and in the glossary, and illustrated with simple, accessible examples. Eighteen language maps and numerous language family charts enable students to place a language geographically or genealogically. A supporting website includes additional language maps and sound recordings that can be used to illustrate the peculiarities of the sound systems of various languages. 'Test yourself' questions throughout the book make it easier for students to analyze data from unfamiliar languages.
- 25/04/2012 | 230
This book critically examines current ELT practices vis-à-vis the use of English as an international lingua franca. It bridges the gap between theoretical discussion and the practical concerns of teaching English as an international language (EIL), and presents diverse approaches for preparing competent users of English in international contexts. Part 1 examines how the linguistic and functional varieties of English today complicate ELT, and suggests ways to address them effectively in an English language classroom. Part 2 showcases English courses and programs that are specifically based on the EIL perspective, illustrating how the issues addressed in Part 1 are realized in a real context. This section also presents a collection of EIL pedagogical ideas that have been developed and used successfully by English teachers across the world.
- 25/04/2012 | 251
This edited volume develops a theoretical framework for validating tests of second language ability. The chapter authors show how an understanding and analysis of the framework and its components can assist test developers to operationalise their tests more effectively, especially in relation to the key criteria that differentiate one proficiency level from another. The book provides an up-to-date review of the relevant literature on assessing speaking, an accessible and systematic description of the different proficiency levels in second language speaking and a comprehensive and coherent basis for validating tests of speaking. It will be of considerable interest to examination boards who wish to validate their own speaking tests in a systematic and coherent manner, as well as to academic researchers and graduate students in the field of language assessment more generally.
- 25/04/2012 | 264
• This book gives the most comprehensive explanation of the detection-based approach to the investigation of crosslinguistic influence that has yet been published. • This is the first collection of studies situated within the detection-based framework. • The studies in this book represent the most comprehensive and in-depth examination to date of the nature and extent of crosslinguistic influence in the International Corpus of Learner English (ICLE).