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• A major reference work with 68 chapters from leading scholars in the field
• The first such work to address major shifts in research as the result of newly available corpora
• Companion website
The availability of large electronic corpora has caused major shifts in linguistic research, including the ability to analyze much more data than ever before, and to perform micro-analyses of linguistic structures across languages. This has historical linguists to rethink many standard assumptions about language history, and methods and approaches that are relevant to the study of it. The field is now interested in, and attracts, specialists whose fields range from statistical modeling to acoustic phonetics. These changes have even transformed linguists'
perceptions of the very processes of language change, particularly in English, the most studied language in historical linguistics due to the size of available data and its status as a global language.
The Oxford Handbook of the History of English takes stock of recent advances in the study of the history of English, broadening and deepening the understanding of the field. It seeks to suggest ways to rethink the relationship of English's past with its present, and make transparent the variety of conditions and processes that have been instrumental in shaping that history. Setting a new standard of cross-disciplinary collaboration, it covers the field in an innovative way, providing diachronic accounts of major influences such as language contact, and typological processes that have shaped English and its varieties, as well as highlighting recent and ongoing developments of Englishes—celebrating the vitality of language change over the centuries and the many contexts and processes through which language change occurs.
Readership: Students and scholars of the English language and its linguistic history
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The Routledge Encyclopedia of Second Language Acquisition offers a user-friendly, authoritative survey of terms and constructs that are important to understanding research in second language acquisition (SLA) and its applications. The Encyclopedia is designed for use as a reference tool by students, researchers, teachers and professionals with an interest in SLA. The Encyclopedia has the following features:
• 252 alphabetized entries written in an accessible style, including cross references to other related entries in the Encyclopedia and suggestions for further reading
• Among these, 9 survey entries that cover the foundational areas of SLA in detail: Development in SLA, Discourse and Pragmatics in SLA, Individual Differences in SLA, Instructed SLA, Language and the Lexicon in SLA, Measuring and Researching SLA, Psycholingustics of SLA, Social and Sociocultural Approaches to SLA, Theoretical Constructs in SLA.
• The rest of the entries cover all the major subdisciplines, methodologies and concepts of SLA, from “Accommodation” to the “ZISA project.”
Written by an international team of specialists, the Routledge Encyclopedia of Second Language Acquisition is an invaluable resource for students and researchers with an academic interest in SLA.
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This new addition to Routledge’s Major Works series, Critical Concepts in Linguistics, brings together the very best and most influential scholarly research in over half a century of language-acquisition research. The collection represents and reflects the interdisciplinary nature of the field, by highlighting models and methodologies from—and implications for—adjacent fields such as psycholinguistics, developmental psychology, computer science, and comparative cognition. In addition, the collection steers users to the most important, as well as controversial, issues that lie at the frontier of language acquisition research.
With a new introduction by the editor, comprehensive index, and a chronological table of the gathered materials, this four-volume collection provides both student and scholar alike with all the key writings on language acquisition in one convenient and authoritative reference resource
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This chapter outlines the unifying new efforts that led to modern psycholinguistics, in order to form a practical science of the users of language. It first takes a look at the 1950 Conference on Speech Communication, where the different papers presented reveal that engineers, mathematicians, biophysicists, etc. did not consider behaviorism as a vital feature of communication. It then identifies some developments in Britain that contributed to psycholinguistics, including Colin Cherry's ‘cocktail party effect’ and Dennis Fry's interdisciplinary perspective in the analysis of speech communication. The next section focuses on other developments on brain and language in certain countries, including Russia, the United States, and Italy. It also discusses Géza Révèsz, his ‘contact theory’, and a symposium on thinking and speaking that was held in Amsterdam. This chapter concludes with a discussion on old and new approaches in developmental psycholinguistics and the state of general psycholinguistics since 1951.
Keywords: modern psycholinguistics, language users, Conference on Speech Communication, cocktail party effect, interdisciplinary perspective, speech communication, brain and language, contact theory, developmental psycholinguistics, general psycholinguistics
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The Handbook of Intercultural Discourse and Communication brings together internationally-renowned scholars from a range of fields to survey the theoretical perspectives and applied work, including example analyses, in this burgeoning area of linguistics.
• Features contributions from established researchers in sociolinguistics and intercultural discourse
• Explores the theoretical perspectives underlying work in the field
• Examines the history of the field, work in cross-cultural communication, and features of discourse
• Establishes the scope of this interdisciplinary field of study
• Includes coverage on individual linguistic features, such as indirectness and politeness, as well as sample analyses of IDC exchanges
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The volume presents new insights into two basic theoretical issues hotly debated in recent work on grammaticalization and language contact: grammatical replication and grammatical borrowability. The key issues are: How can grammatical replication be distinguished from other, superficially similar processes of contact-induced linguistic change, and under what conditions does it take place? Are there grammatical morphemes or constructions that are more easily borrowed than others, and how can language contact account for areal biases in the borrowing (vs. calquing) of grammatical formatives? The book is a major contribution to the ongoing theoretical discussion concerning the relationship between grammaticalization and language contact on a broad empirical basis.
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Duela 250 urte paseak hasi ziren Rousseauren liburuak erretzen (1762ko ekainaren 19an, Genevan bertan) eta Rousseau bera orain arte izan da polemika ugarien iturburu. Liburu honetan bi testu aurkituko dituzu, irakurle, Jean-Jaques Rous¬seauk Manuel Ignazio Altunari bere “Aitorkizunetan” adierazi ziona alde batetik eta “Gizakien arteko ezberdintasunari buruzko azalpena”ren euskarazko bertsioa, bestetik . Ez dira itzulpen kanonikoak jatorrizko testuetatik neronek euskarara ekarritako bertsio moldatuak baizik, bai¬na, edozein modutara ere, Rousseauren pentsamendura hurbiltzeko aukera ematen digutenak. Jean-Jaques Rousseauk erabili omen zuen lehen aldiz “moderno” hit¬za (“gu modernook” zioen) aurreko tradizioarekin aldarrikatzen zuen pentsamendu etena adierazteko. Honen ekarpenak mendebaldar go¬gamenaren iraultzan suposatu zuenaz jabetzeko gerturatu nahi izan ditut bi testuok.