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- 2023/02/17 | 88In-service teachers’ multilingual language teaching and learning approaches : insights from the Basque CountryThis study investigates the beliefs of primary school teachers about multilingual language teaching and learning approaches and examines the relationship between these beliefs and the current ideas on multilingualism. This paper reports key elements of the multilingual educational reality in the Basque Country, where a minority language (Basque), a majority language (Spanish), and an international language (English) share space in the curriculum. The study adopts a mixed methods approach combining a specifically designed online questionnaire regarding beliefs (N = 418), and four focus groups (N = 20). The findings indicate that teachers believe fluency is essential in the language learning process, prioritize the non-native multilingual teacher model, and show awareness of the influence parents’ linguistic attitudes have on students’ language learning outcomes. Teachers hold welcoming beliefs toward multilingual language teaching approaches and regard translanguaging as suitable for upper levels of Primary education. A major implication of this study is that teachers have a positive point of departure from which to develop and promote multilingual teaching approaches; however, the provision of valuable and applicable training plans based on the current school of thought on multilingualism should be considered in the near future.
- 2023/02/17 | 26
Objectives:The purpose of this article is to explore students’, parents’, and teachers’ attitudes and opinions towards native and non-native teachers of Basque, to examine whether the widespread ideology native speakerism is present in this minority language.
Methodology:Data were gathered from 473 secondary and high-school students, parents, and teachers using questionnaires and focus groups, where education stakeholders were enquired about their teacher preferences in four categories: assessment and support, attitudes and motivation, culture, and perceived linguistic abilities.
Data and analysis:The quantitative data were statistically analysed using independent-samples t-tests and analyses of variance (ANOVAs). The qualitative data were examined using thematic analysis, an instrument that allows a systematic study of patterns of meaning within qualitative data sets.
Findings:Results suggest that although students, parents, and teachers support team-teaching approaches, there is an overall preference for native-speaking teachers, specially at advanced levels. Furthermore, participants reflect clear-cut trends in specific items and categories.
Originality:The binary classification of speakers established by the assignment of the ‘native speaker’ and ‘non-native speaker’ labels has been thoroughly studied in the English language, analysing the positive and negative characteristics linked to each type of speaker, but the nativeness topic has only been researched in language survival terms in minority language contexts. To our knowledge, no previous study has examined attitudes towards native and non-native teachers in minority language teaching contexts.
Implications:Education stakeholders’ preferences for Basque native-speaking teachers may entail negative effects on the legitimacy of non-native speakers and teachers, a group whose Basque use is paramount for the maintenance and survival of the minority language.
- 2023/02/17 | 32La experiencia que contamos en este artículo es la cooperación entre el pueblo vasco y el pueblo nasa en un proyecto para la revitalización de la lengua nasa yuwe. Este proyecto está llevándose a cabo en el municipio de Toribio-Tuunxiwxu, en el Cauca colombiano. Durante 8 años el equipo vasco-nasa hemos trabajado en el área del aprendizaje de nasa yuwe por adultos. Este trabajo se ha centrado en el diseño del programa para el primer nivel, formación de profesores, y creación de materiales didácticos, incluyendo el libro de texto, materiales audiovisuales, textos y juegos. En este artículo describimos el tipo de decisiones tomadas, el tipo de dinámicas de trabajo llevadas a cabo, y los productos didácticos creados
- 2023/02/17 | 20
The majority of people living around the world today are able to speak more than one language, yet many aspects of the nature and experience of bilingualism raise unresolved questions for researchers. Who exactly is bilingual? What is the extent of bilingualism? How do infant bilinguals who acquire two languages at the same time manage to separate them? Does language processing work differently when bilinguals are interacting with monolinguals and with bilinguals? When a speaker changes their language, do they also change aspects of their personality?
In The Mysteries of Bilingualism, eminent scholar François Grosjean provides a comprehensive examination of individual bilingualism that delves into unanswered questions and challenges many of the myths and misconceptions surrounding bilingualism. Through insightful analyses of eleven key questions, this book offers a unique combination of personal reflection, literature review, personal testimony, and case studies to explore these mysteries. Altogether, this text offers:
Comprehensive explorations of the linguistic aspects of bilingualism, including who is bilingual, describing bilinguals, accented speech, and language loss
Practical discussions of speech and language processing, including language choice and mixed speech perception and production
In-depth examinations of personality and culture in relation to bilingualism and biculturalism
Perfect for undergraduate and graduate students of bilingualism, multilingualism, second language acquisition, and applied linguistics, The Mysteries of Bilingualism offers an up-to-date view of the leading research questions in the study of bilingualism today.
- 2023/02/17 | 43
In 2019, the United Nations declared an international year of Indigenous languages. The hope was that Indigenous languages and their importance would take the world stage. To that end, we decided to host a conference where people from around the world could come together to celebrate Indigenous languages.
We asked potential conference participants to submit papers addressing these themes: • Community achievements and Indigenous languages • Community collaborations and partnerships • Educational policy for language revitalization and maintenance • Indigenous languages into the 21st century • Indigenous voices in popular culture (e.g., social media, fiction, poetry, film, hip hop) • Indigenous languages and multilingualism
- 2023/02/17 | 51
Endangered Languages in the 21st Century provides research on endangered languages in the contemporary world, the challenges still to be faced, the work still to be done, and the methods and practices that have come to characterize efforts to revive and maintain disadvantaged indigenous languages around the world.
With contributions from scholars across the field, the book brings fresh data and insights to this imperative, but still relatively young, field of linguistics. While the studies acknowledge the threat of losing languages in an unprecedented way, they focus on cases that show resilience and explore paths to sustainable progress. The articles are also intended as a celebration of the 25 years’ work of the Foundation for Endangered Languages, and as a parting gift to FEL’s founder and quarter-century chair, Nick Ostler.
This book will be informative for researchers, instructors, and specialists in the field of endangered languages. The book can also be useful for university graduate or undergraduate students, and language activists.
- 2023/02/17 | 17
Despite its centralist tendencies and focus on French as the only official language of the republic, France has, especially over the last 30 years, adopted laws, decrees, and regulations that allow for the inclusion and expansion of Basque language education. Thus, the choice of learning Basque or in Basque can be made in the Northern Basque Country or Iparralde (the French part of the Basque Country), even though it is not a mandatory part of the curriculum at any level. Basque is spoken by approximately 20% of the population of Iparralde, and, at the time of writing this dossier, around one third of all pupils were following Basque language classes (48% in pre-school, 40% in primary school, 23% in secondary school, and 5% in vocational training), most of whom through bilingual, fully or partially immersive education. The number of pupils following these types of education has steadily increased over the last few decades, even though, at the same time, the number of productive French-Basque bilinguals has decreased. The introduction of Basque into a school’s curriculum mainly depends on the proportion of parents demanding such a step.
- 2023/02/17 | 18Il linguistic landscape può essere definito come lo studio delle lingue e dei messaggi presenti in forma scritta nello spazio pubblico. Il volume si propone, nella prima parte, di fornire una sintesi dello stato dell'arte sul linguistic landscape, dalle origini fino ai più attuali sviluppi, utile a ricercatori e studenti universitari che vogliano accedere ad una trattazione scientifica sul tema in lingua italiana. Nella seconda parte, invece, viene esplorato lo schoolscape, ossia l'insieme di oggetti linguistici e semiotici che contribuiscono all'organizzazione visiva degli spazi scolastici. Vengono presentati i risultati di un'ampia ricerca, il cui scopo è quello di indagare usi, funzioni e percezioni di questo spazio e delle politiche linguistiche che lo regolano, nell'inedito contesto italiano. Le conclusioni cui si giunge, oltre a delineare un quadro ricco e sfaccettato di pratiche e utilizzi, vogliono stimolare una riflessione sul ruolo che lo schoolscape può avere, e già ha, in un'ottica di giustizia, equità sociale e di educazione linguistica democratica.
- 2023/02/15 | 33Gerra : 1521eko Nafarroako indarkeria eta gatazkak bizitzea : erakusketa, Nafarroako Errege Artxibo Nagusia, ekaina-abendua, 20211521eko ekainaren 30ean gertatutako Noaingo batailaren V. Mendeurrena ospatu genuen 2021ean. Gure historiaren funtsezko gertaera horren amaiera erabakigarria izan zen Nafarroako erresumarentzat. Noain eta Ezkirotz herrien arteko bataila-eremua, orduko bi armada boteretsuenek sortutako nazioarteko oihartzunen aurkako borroka izan zen. Bertako armadetan nafar borrokalariak sartu ziren, batzuk Asparrosko jauna buru zuten Frantzisko I.aren eta Henrike Albreten armada frantsesari laguntzen, eta beste batzuk Gaztelako armadari, Karlos V.aren gobernadoreek, kondestableak eta almiranteak gidatuta.