Egilea: editor in chief, Lenore Grenoble, Pia Lane and Unn Royneland

Linguistic minorities in Europe online


The new peer-reviewed reference resource Linguistic Minorities in Europe Online (LME) provides comprehensive documentation of indigenous and immigrant linguistic minorities in Europe. It contains a variety of content and materials:

Standardized overview articles on a given linguistic minority, each containing the following sections: Linguistic description (genealogy, structure, history) – Demographics (number and distribution of speakers, migration patterns, influences of geopolitical changes, etc.) – Status (immigrant or regional language, status in areas used, protection by European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, etc.) – Standardization (extent and manner of standardization/codification, acceptance/support and development of standard, relationship between standard and non-standard varieties, etc.) – Variation (geographical, social, ethnic, age/gender-related, linguistic levels, extent and domains of use, etc.) – Attitudes (speakers’ perspective on language) – Revitalization and maintenance (extent, institutional or informal, vitality and proficiency of language) – Education (use as medium of instruction or object of study, types of schools/educational institutions, etc.) – Media (use in radio/television/social media/print media) – Other cultural practices/centers (music, dance, food, literature, cultural gatherings, etc.) – Conclusions and directions for further research
In-depth research articles on specific topics regarding European minority languages/linguistic minorities, including sociolinguistic, psycholinguistic, and ethnolinguistic perspectives
Numerous articles including multimedia elements, such as audios, videos, maps, photographs, etc.
Primary sources, such as annotated texts, transcriptions, corpora, glossaries, field notes, etc. (Open Access as well as non-Open Access)

All articles in LME are enriched with metadata, allowing specific searches, such as language name, country/state/region, language family, keywords, references, linguistic examples (source, IMT gloss, translation). The content is heavily interlinked, so as to enable users to quickly switch between overview articles, in-depth research articles, and primary sources. Furthermore, LME articles link out to selected external online resources.

Approximately 75% of the content are custom-written for LME, 25% consist of seminal research from De Gruyter’s and De Gruyter Mouton’s archives, carefully selected by the main editors and area editors.

Since September 2019, De Gruyter has been offering a free access pilot version with articles on Basque. The full version will be released in 2020 and will contain articles on Basque, Croatian, Frisian, Hungarian, the Sámi languages, and Turkish as minority languages (content about further languages/linguistic minorities is in preparation). New articles will be added annually (in two yearly updates).

Linguistic Minorities in Europe Online is co-published with the Center for Multilingualism in Society across the Lifespan (MultiLing) at the University of Oslo and edited by Lenore Grenoble (University of Chicago), Pia Lane (MultiLing, University of Oslo), and Unn Røyneland (MultiLing, University of Oslo) in collaboration with a group of expert area editors.




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