- 09/01/2023 | 35Lan honen helburua da izartzea muga politikoak euskararen hizkuntzaaldakortasunean duen eragina. Horretarako, Garazi ibarreko euskara aztertu dugu, muga politikoak erdi-erditik zatitzen baitu: Luzaide herria Espainiako estatuan dago, eta gainerako herriak, berriz, Frantziako estatuan. Lana aitzina eramateko, geografia eta adina aldagai sozialak kontuan hartu ditugu, eta 7 hizkuntza-aldagai, arlo fonikokoak eta morfologiakoak. Gure hipotesia da adinekoen artean batasun linguistikoa dela nagusi mugaren alde banatan. Gazteen artean, ordea, muga politikoa hizkuntza-muga bihurtzen ari delakoan gaude, frantsesaren/gaztelaniaren eta Iparraldeko batuaren/Hegoaldeko batuaren eraginez. Datuek hasierako hipotesia frogatu dute. 48 lekukoren informazioa jaso dugu ordu eta erdi-bi orduko elkarrizketa erdi-gidatuen eta libreen bidez. Datuak aztertzeko, Mixed Logistic Regression analisi estatistikoa gauzatu dugu R programaren bidez.
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The plural form 'Englishes' conveys the diversity of English as a global language, pinpointing the growth and existence of a large number of national, regional and social forms. The global spread of English and the new varieties that have emerged around the world has grown to be a vast area of study and research, which intersects multiple disciplines. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and authoritative survey of World Englishes from 1600 to the present day. Covering topics such as variationist sociolinguistics, pragmatics, contact linguistics, linguistic anthropology, corpus- and applied linguistics and language history, it combines discussion of traditional topics with a variety of innovative approaches. The chapters, all written by internationally acclaimed authorities, provide up-to-date discussions of the evolution of different Englishes around the globe, a comprehensive coverage of different models and approaches, and some original perspectives on current challenges.
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This Element explores the roles of explicit and implicit learning in second language acquisition. The authors lay out some key issues that they take to underlie the debate on the extent to which second language acquisition involves explicit learning, implicit learning, or both. They also discuss what they take to be an oversight in the field: namely, the lack of clear definitions of key constructs. Taking a generative perspective on the nature of language, while addressing alternative approaches at key points, they refocus the discussion of explicit and implicit learning by first asking what must be learned (i.e., what is this mental representation we call “language” that all functioning humans possess?) The discussion and research reviewed leads to the conclusion that second language acquisition is largely if not exclusively implicit in nature and that explicit learning plays a secondary role in how learners grapple with meaning.
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Most journal articles, edited volumes and monographs on youth language practices deal with one specific variety, one geographical setting, or with one specific continent. This volume bridges these different studies, and it approaches youth language from a much broader angle. A global framework and a diversity of methodologies enable a wider perspective that gives room to comparisons of youth’s manipulations and linguistic agency, transnational communicative practices and language contact scenarios. The research presented addresses structural features of everyday talk and text, youth identity issues related to specific purposes and contexts, and sociocultural emphases on ideologies and belonging.
Combining insights into sociolinguistic and structural features of youth language, the volume includes case studies from Asia (Indonesia), Australia and Oceania (Arnhem Land, New Ireland), South America (the Amazon, Chile, Argentina), Europe (Germany, Spain) and Africa (Uganda, Nigeria, DR Congo, Central African Republic, South Africa). It expands on existing publications and offers a more comparative and "global" approach, without a division of youth’s strategies in terms of geographical space or language family. This collection, including a conceptual introduction, is of interest to scholars from several linguistic subfields working in different regional contexts as well as sociologists and anthropologists working in the field of adolescence and youth studies.
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El volumen aborda el español tal como se asentó y desarrolló en territorios del continente americano con la conquista y colonización en todo su espectro variacional. Incluye, por lo tanto, una noción implícita de los 18 Estados soberanos, que tienen el castellano como lengua oficial con sus hablas cultas y populares, si bien considera, al mismo tiempo, las lenguas mixtas o lexicalizadas por el castellano, p. ej. la media lengua o los criollos hispánicos, así como las variedades migradas o formadas por migración, p. ej. el isleño o el cocoliche. Al titular el manual El español en América, se acentúa, por un lado, la noción de la gran diversidad y riqueza de las variedades hispanoamericanas y, por el otro, rechaza la idea de que existan variedades nacionales. Así, enfatiza con su aproximación, en gran parte transnacional, los resultados de los múltiples contactos y desarrollos lingüísticos autónomos en el continente, desde Tierra del Fuego hasta Alaska, a partir de planteamientos conceptuales asequibles y con un anclaje histórico bien fundado. El volumen realiza un recorrido por la vasta geografía actual del español en tierras americanas al incluir fenómenos como el desplazamiento migratorio, la urbanización, el influjo de los medios de comunicación, las actividades de estandarización y elaboración, el desarrollo terminológico o la globalización. De esta manera, intenta brindar, con artículos de variada extensión, una perspectiva amplia y panamericana, así como un acercamiento crítico y transdisciplinario a la temática que atañe. Pretende ser -tanto para la comunidad científica como para los estudiantes universitarios- un compendio de consulta, que ofrece una visión de conjunto exhaustiva y accesible.
This handbook, designed both as an introduction for students and a reference work for the entire research community, gives a concise, systematic and extensive overview of the different topics and approaches associated with linguistic research on American Spanish.
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Language in Action: SFL Theory across Contexts brings together recent research in elementary and secondary education, higher education, and translation studies, informed by Systemic Functional Linguistics. Authors reporting from a range of international contexts offer new insights into curriculum and instructional issues in subjects including history, physical education, and mathematics, with a focus on development of students’ reading, writing, and disciplinary literacy skills.
The chapters also report on studies in teacher education and student learning in settings where Spanish, Danish, or English are the languages of instruction, and the development of advanced academic writing in these languages is a particular focus of studies in higher education. The translation studies offer new perspectives on translation from classical Chinese literature and Italian museum texts. Across the volume, the chapters present innovations in genre pedagogy, pedagogical and methodological uses of SFL metalanguage, and approaches to curriculum development and school-based research. The authors draw on functional grammar, register theory, Appraisal, and Legitimation Code Theory to offer new analytic approaches and insights.
This book offers readers a range of work that can inspire and inform researchers and students interested in new approaches to Systemic Functional Linguistics in action.
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This book explores how resurgent nationalism across the globe demands re-examination of many of the theories and practices in applied linguistics and language teaching as political forces seek to limit the movement of people, goods, and services across national borders and, in some cases, enact violence upon those with linguistic and/or ethnic backgrounds that differ from that of the dominant culture. The authors who have contributed to this volume provide careful analysis of nationalist discourses and actions in Brazil, Cameroon, Canada, China, Colombia, Germany, Poland, the United Arab Emirates, the United States, and Vietnam. They offer their unique historical and cultural perspectives on the complex relationship between language, identity, and nationhood in each of these countries, as well as practical responses to the fraught political situations that many language educators and policy makers now face.This book will appeal to researchers in applied linguistics and language teaching, as well as second and foreign language teaching professionals working and living in countries where nationalist sentiments are on the rise.
- 09/01/2023 | 15Cognition and second language acquisition : studies on pre-school, primary school and secondary school children
This volume examines interactions between second/foreign language acquisition and the development of cognitive abilities in learners who acquire an additional language in preschools, primary or secondary schools. The chapters explore possible links between cognitive and linguistic skills displayed by multilingual learners. This book should appeal to different kinds of readers such as linguists, psychologists and language teachers.
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Learning Vocabulary in Another Language provides a detailed survey of research and theory on the teaching and learning of vocabulary with the aim of providing pedagogical suggestions for both teachers and learners. It contains descriptions of numerous vocabulary learning strategies which are justified and supported by reference to experimental research, case studies, and teaching experience. It also describes what vocabulary learners need to know to be effective language users. Learning Vocabulary in Another Language shows that by taking a systematic approach to vocabulary learning, teachers can make the best use of class time and help learners get the best return for their learning effort. It will quickly establish itself as the point of reference for future vocabulary work.
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Does the language we speak affect the way we think? This Element provides a synthesis of contemporary research on the interplay between language and cognition in speakers of two or more languages and examines variables deemed to impact bilingual acquisition and conceptualization of language-specific thinking patterns during L2 learning. An overview of different yet interrelated studies is offered across a variety of conceptual domains to illustrate different approaches and key variables. The comparison of monolingual and bilingual data demonstrates the highly integrative nature between L2 learning and the changing of one's entire cognitive outlook in L2 speakers. This Element makes relevant connections between language learning and bilingual cognition, aiming to shed new light on how learners acquire conceptual distinctions of the target language(s). It also raises theoretical and pedagogical issues that encourage teachers to reflect upon how to incorporate recent advances in language-and-cognition research with aspects of L2 teaching.